King Salman
© Arnold Holtzman, Ph.D. (February 2016)

If you are a student in the behavioral sciences, a psychologist, therapist or academician this is for you.

King of Saudi Arabia

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

On 23 January 2015, Salman aged 79, succeeded as king after the death of his half-brother Abdullah.
He was the governor of Riyadh Province for forty-eight years from 1963 to 2011.

The psychological analysis and personality profile that follows below will extend in every respect from material appearing in The Illustrated Textbook of Psychodiagnostic Chirology in Analysis and Therapy (1st and 2nd editions). For students of PDC the relevant pages are noted in the text. Published in 2004 and again in 2013 this textbook has reached students and practitioners in the behavioral sciences in over 80 countries.

Rigid mental discipline and an aggressive, emotion-triggered activism, are central distinguishing characteristics.

Distinctive length and narrowness of palm: see text and illustrations on pages 65 and 66 (emotional temper).

This feature exposes a driving emotional temper (of genetic origin).
We would find emotional triggers defining virtually all significant decisions and initiatives. The responsiveness to the dictates
of order and organization will rarely overtake the responsiveness to a demanding, if often fluctuating, mental temper.

Depletion of libidinal resources in the thenar mount:
see text and illustrations on pages 327 to 331.

The weight and volume of the thenar mount gives the measure of the libidinal resources available
to the individual. We define the feature encircled here as the Primary Rejection Factor. This
development suggests that the individual, as a neoneat and very young infant, was denied the
experience of a mother's libidinal bonding in an enveloping environment of emotional containment.

Our point of departure is that if this experience is denied the individual, it would not be available as
an "organic" reference which the individual may then repeat in the context of adult relationships.
As it would be libido which bonds the mother to her infant, the husband to his wife, the boy to his
puppy, and the girl to her dolls, it would be libido that creates both the need for physical and emotional
attachments and the drive to bond meaningfully with others.

A deficiency in one's libidinal resources - and in the instance of King Salman this deficience appears
considerable - invests the personality with a degree of coldness and apartness. Expressions of love and affection and emotional attachments
are invariably a function of conscious design and calculated interest.
A strong and determined mental discipline becomes entrenched in personality
that is now less constrained to accommodate libidinal attachment needs.

A compromised core-identity condition:
see text and illustrations from pages 336 to 339

The hypothenar eminence is that part of the palm across from the thenar mount. For early chirologists this went by the name
"Lunar Mount". The distinguishing feature of this relatively heavy-set area of the palm is it's representation of the largely
subconscious needs, drives and instinctual organization specific to the individual. It would be the chemistries here that alert
the individual to the emotional implications of real-world experiences and permit a general emotional responsiveness to same.
The emotional consequences of virtually every life experience becomes recorded here as references that may remain relevant
to the individual through the length of that person's life.

The area encircled here suggests that these references may have been largely compromised. We often come upon this development
in such instances where the individual must accommodate the demands of a specific role in his, or her, immediate environment. These
people would be constrained to align themselves to the singular designs of that environment, and submit to its rigid dictates. A very
simple but excellent example is the wife who denies herself the life she wishes for the sake of a stress-free and non-combatative marriage.

Where this development describes the area of the hypothenar eminence we would understand that a degree of friction exists between
the individual and that environment. In the instance of King Salman we would consider this friction in the context of his fluid emotional temper. This may become manifes as sudden,
and often unexpected, high-intensity judgments and a somewhat aggressive willfulness.

The simian crease:
see text and illustrations from pages 139 to 141

The two arrows point to a single line that crosses the palm from the radial to the ulnar sides. This appears to replace the proximal
transverse crease which is anchored on the thumb side of the palm and the upper, or distal transverse crease, which is anchored
just below the little finger. If the latter two lines offer some definition of the individual's cognitive processes and the temper of his, or
her, emotional influences, the single transverse crease somehow reflects a merging of both programs. Thinking will be tempered by
feelings, and feelings by rational determinants.

In itself, the simian crease contributes a degree of inner agitation, or restlessness, which the bearer of this line is forever moved to
resolve. In some people it can promote a sudden and dramatic change in the direction of one's mindset, and indeed, one's life. In
others it may move the person to explore the very limits of his, or her, life possibilities - whether in the context of careers, sports,
commerce or adventure. These people are rarely passive in their attitudes and behaviors and are often the focus of the attention of

The Thumb: Quite apart from the contributions of all the features described above, there is yet another that goes far to distinguish the singular strength,
intelligence and sophistication true to King Salman. This information is provided by the length, perfect balance and graceful fluidity of shape seen in the
thumb. This strength, intelligence and sophistication define a willfulness that sets the Saudi ruler well apart from others. It is a feature that invests personality
with the capacity to succeed at the highest level with sound leadership qualities. It is a willfulness that promotes initiatives. With the same willfulness tempered
by all the aforementioned dimensions, King Salman is destined to leave an indelible mark on his nation.


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